or by leaf cuttings. control starts with monthly cleaning and sanitary conditions. Select a (CAUTION: Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about African Violet (Saintpaulia ) 'Cirelda' supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garden. Cause: Nutrient deficiency, not fertilized regularly. gift plants. fluorescent gro-lights (as close as 3- to 4-inches), 14-16 hrs/day, for Cause: Over watering; poor drainage; root rot due to roots being wet constantly. practices can also make the difference between success and failure. The African Violet is the first form of life I had the responsibility of nurturing. Gently brush or shake off any water droplets on leaves. He was also the leading Botanist/Director of the Royal Botanical Gardens of Herrenhaus, Germany. If plants on humidity trays (shallow baking pans with gravel and water) new hybrid varieties being introduced each year, the connoisseur of a plant has insufficient light it will not come into bloom or stay in Characteristics that you may want to consider include: blossom colour, leaf colour, leaf shape, plant size, trailing habit, leaf variegation pattern etc. or bicolor Some Viola species are perennial plants, some are annual plants, and a few are small shrubs. Remove dead leaves and spent flowers with a tweezers or small pointed pruner. African violets can have "billions of blossoms" year round. them. excellent slow-release source of phosphorus. Available in many flower colors, they produce flowers year-round under the proper growing conditions. What gives it life can also kill it if you aren’t mindful of it. morning and afternoon sunshine can be provided (protect from noon sun), Regents of the University of Minnesota. Extension is expanding its online education and resources to adapt to COVID-19 restrictions. petiole base is submerged no deeper than 3 to 2 inch into the water. If you forget to The Tommie Lou African Violet variegation type is characterized by white frosting, lack of chlorophyll, on the outside of the leaf and green on the inside. results is that of proper light. 5. Fluorescent or LED grow lights may also be used alone or to supplement natural light. African violets ( Saintpaulia species) are excellent indoor flowering plants. Placing Feeding Fill African violets (Saintpaulia ionantha) are low maintenance, easy to grow houseplants. Register to get answer. The African violet was first discovered in East Africa in 1892 by Baron Walter von St. Paul. remove the lining you could end up with soil that smells like rotten pots by Decor and Rubbermaid provide even moisture for, http://www.gardenhotline.com/products/fact-sample.htm. The importance of a plant increases depending upon the plant facts. Quick changes in temperature must be avoided, as well as chilly Over 20 wild species and variants have been found to date. Wildlife. Be sure to keep humid conditions during propagation. Other details: Unknown - Tell us. They can bloom all year long, and come in an abundance of colors, sizes, and types. http://www.gardenhotline.com/products/fact-sample.htm. green to bronze. the plant tissue. blue, Increase temperature in room to 70s during the day, and 65 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit at night. How to grow African Violets and Other Gesneriads African Violets and Other Gesneriads are one of the most popular indoor houseplants. Reduce fertilizer to every other watering. by increasing or decreasing the size of the thread column. Delicate, fuzzy-leafed African violets are exotic, agreeable plants with flowers that come in a wide range of pinks to purples. No precautions are … leaf characteristics. Such prepared mixes have been pH balanced and have been amended African come with smooth, ruffled or frilled petals and the leaves range from Set the pot in a bowl of room-temperature water, 1-inch deep. If you choose to use powdered egg shells as your source of calcium, With 4. You can just … Characteristics of a typical African violet are that it is a tropical, herbaceous perennial. Characteristics of African Violet. When the soil surface feels moist, remove the plant from the bowl of water and allow excess water to drain from the pot. portion of the African Violet leaf through the hole so that the With literally thousands of named varieties to choose from and African Violets grow in a width of 2 inches to 12 inches and a height of 2 inches to 6 inches, though some can be wider. CONDITION: The cultural appearance of an exhibit at the time of judging. A kit usually contains a windowsill-greenhouse, seed-starting mix © 2002 Violet Collection. Do not use softened or chlorinated water for African violets. Asked by Wiki User. The African violet seems to be a favorable species for genetic research for the following reasons: It is an ideal house plant and vast numbers are grown each year. What is a geneva edge, for example? food is essential. monthly with prepared African Violet Windows that provide north, northwest or northeast exposures work well. To avoid a continually wet or soggy soil, it is important to ... » Search the African Violets Database: by characteristics or by cultivar name « See the general plant entry for African Violets (Saintpaulia) « The African Violets Database Front Page Be the first to answer this question. a little advance planning, African Violets can be grown in almost 2. white Be the first to answer! eggs -- a most unpleasant "fragrance"!). 1. Once the plantlet has grown to a size that can be handled without It’s one of the most sensitive and delicate plants on Earth. » Browse the full list of african violets (or see recent additions) » Search by characteristics (height, bloom color, etc) » Access the generic african violets entry » Browse recent african violets images » Add or edit informational text about this plant problem on your African violet. rinsed with tepid water if excess water droplets are shaken from the Flowers and 50 ultra-microscopic African Violet seeds, almost the size of violet full of blossoms. Solution: Use a dry artist’s paint brush or soft cloth to gently brush off the debris. (Do not use a knife as it tends to create a hole that is too a glass with water to within 1/4-inch of the rim. Copyright gro-lights, 8" to 10" above the plants, will produce beautiful You will find adults, nymphs, and egg masses on the bottom side of the leaves, along the petioles, and on the stem of the mother plant. Plants need 14-16 hours of light and 8-10 hours of darkness daily to flower. your own Pins on Pinterest Avoid getting water on the leaves as this can cause leaf spots. Add one-quarter of the recommended amount of fertilizer and water, allowing excess liquid to drain from the pot. What are the African violets characteristics? of pulverized lime or powdered egg shells to They reliably bloom several times a year when cared for properly. Some growers recommend a blend of 50% commercial African violet potting mix and 50% perlite. Seed Viola is a genus of flowering plants in the violet family Violaceae.It is the largest genus in the family, containing between 525 and 600 species. Planting containers should have one or more holes in the bottom that allow excess water to drain. crushing it with your fingers, remove the rubber band and cut away the Who doesn't love being #1? Of ‘Lovestruck’ has single lavender flowers with a violet ruffled edge Discover (and save!) For You’ll also want to be on the lookout for certain markers that indicate a plant will grow strong and beautiful. They are put into four different size categories based on diameter. African violet, (genus Saintpaulia ), any of the six species of flowering plants in the genus Saintpaulia (family Gesneriaceae ). centers) can help you  accomplish The amount of lighting and nitrogen in the soil can affect variegation as can the growing temperature. Placing soil, and 1 part sharp sand or perlite, can be made or purchased already The Optimal room temperature for growing African violets is between 60 and 80 F and ideally 70 F. Humidity at 40-60% will help African violets thrive. Pre-mixed commercial blends high in peat are available at most retail garden centers. With proper care, An African Violet sport is an African Violet plant which did not breed similar to its original parent / hybrid plant. If you are comfortable, your African violet is comfortable. Source:  Interpreting Wetland Status. months, remove plants from window sills which become cold. one environmental factor which has the greatest potential of positive You don’t need to understand genetics in order to be able to hybridise African violets. The members of Saintpaulia are small perennial herbs with thick, hairy, ovate leaves. Hermann first described the African Violet plant characteristics in the leading European journal Gartenflora in 1983 and also in the Möllers Deutsche Gärtner-Zeitung, Erfurt, on May … Two types have the leaf margins modified to form folds. Star. "wick" made of cotton thread. Solution: Start fertilizing plant regularly. Use a baster, syringe or bottle with a narrow spout. Insert the petiole Solution: Water plant from the bottom (see “Watering” above) to avoid getting water on the plant leaves. During the winter The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. During the winter months, remove plants from window sills which become cold. 700 at night and 750 or higher for days. Within 21 For homemade Other gesneriads such as episcias, chiritas, streptocarpus, gloxinias, and sinningias to name a few, have different blooming characteristics,… Propagation will produce a new plant in a few weeks. Self-watering Which means that your African Violet sport plant does not match the official AVSA (African Violet Society of America) FC2 description (FC2 is the First Class Version 2 Software offered by AVSA, it is a database of over 15,000 african violet plants). Violets. Patent Information: Unknown - Tell us. the self-watering container. The choice of garden plant depends upon the characteristics whether the plant is flowering or non flowering, Perennial Flowers or Summer Plants.There are many characteristics of African Violet. Since any home. days, roots should begin to grow from the base of the petiole and a baby The volume of water is adjusted potting mixes for African Violet are a good investment if you are African violets came to North America via Europe in 1926. 21 days. remove the linings from the inside of the shells before pulverizing Some of the most important mutations include: girl foliage, variegated foliage, pink blossoms, double blossoms and chimerism. leaves have pinkish or white variegation. The use of the water wicks (available at most florists and garden Replenish the water as needed and avoid letting the wick dry out. How are the African violet seeds and coconut seed similar? 50 new varieties of African Violets. What are some adaptions for African violets? Pest with calcium (a must for African Violets which are native to Bright, indirect or Use the African Violet soil when potting a new plant in follow the manufacturer's directions for filling the self-watering pots. While they are among widely adopted houseplants , their numbers are dwindling due to the mistakes growers make when growing them, usually causing their death. University of Minnesota Extension discovers science-based solutions, delivers practical education, and engages Minnesotans to build a better future. Leaf Texture: Unknown - Tell us. You have to water it in a particular way and raise it with careful attention to light. Native to Eastern Africa, these popular houseplants are in the same family (Gesneriaceae) as gloxinia and primrose. (Gesneriaceae) is a popular ornamental pot plant that is easy to culture ex vitro and in vitro relative to other herbaceous ornamentals.This quality makes it an ideal system for in vitro regeneration experiments. This Variety Pack contains 4 different varieties of Optimara Violets.Optimara Violets are specifically bred to have characteristics of robust growth, long lasting and beautiful blooms and full-bodied foliage. Solution: Relocate plant to place with less intense light. follow the manufacturer's rates and recommendations. This review summarizes the studies that have been conducted on the in vitro culture and micropropagation of this plant. Cause: Not enough light; temperature is too cool. African violets have fine roots and require well-drained soilless potting mixes with a pH of about 6.2 - 6.5. Self-watering pots have a reservoir of water in their base from filtered sunlight, for at least 6 hours per day, will keep an African plantlet will emerge shortly thereafter from the same location. When you first discover the world of African Violets, you may run across descriptions of blossom types and characteristics that you find puzzling. Watering Native to higher elevations in tropical eastern Africa, African violets are widely grown horticulturally, especially S. ionantha. varieties with 1" to 2" flowers of pink, 4. Carefully water just the potting mix. the constant watering. high phosphorus fertilizer, such as 12-36-14, to promote bloom. Related Links. single and double flowering varieties have a multitude of flower and blooms. African violet (Saintpaulia ionantha H. Scientific classification of African Violet plants: BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE PHOTOGRAPHS The accompanying photographs show as nearly true as it is reasonably possible to make the same, in color illustrations of this character, typical specimens of the plant and flowers of the new cultivar. by "hydroponics" techniques is also acceptable. A  “wick,” which is a length of nylon or polyester string used to draw up water, can provide steady moisture to your African violet plant’s roots. Like most houseplants, their lifespan depends on how much care they receive. Native to Eastern Africa, these popular houseplants are in the same family (Gesneriaceae) as gloxinia and primrose. Do you find yourself wanting more African violets? which water is drawn by capillary action. Most species are found in the temperate Northern Hemisphere; however, some are also found in widely divergent areas such as Hawaii, Australasia, and the Andes.. A bright, cool location is best for growing African violets. The perfect start to any African Violet collection. In the following years the African Violet Society of America (AVSA, avsa.org) was formed in 1946. One of the world’s most popular houseplants, the African violet (Saintpaulia ionantha) is beloved for its diminutive stature, ability to flower nearly year round, and round, fuzzy leaves. than the base of the petiole of the "mother" leaf. Keep the soil slightly moist at all times. Wetland Status. 2. All rights reserved. Never allow the plant to sit in water. potting mix of 2 parts milled sphagnum peat moss to 1 part sterilized All wild species have blossoms in the blue-violet range, but other characteristics vary. Increase amount of light by relocating plants to a brighter location or adding artificial light. To suppress the mealy bug problem, African Violets can be Flush plant with plain water to wash out excess fertilizer. Use room-temperature distilled water, rain water or reverse-osmosis water. Leaf Color: Unknown - Tell us. If "mother" is still in good shape, repeat the process. is important because water droplets remaining on the foliage can cause violet leaves and petioles. Re-pot plants in fresh potting mix once a year. Gently push potting mix up to the plant crown. African violets (Saintpaulia ionantha) are low maintenance, easy to grow houseplants. mealy bug (those white, cottony blobs) pierces and sucks the sap from African Violet. can be fun because it will afford a supply of African Violets for petiole (stem of leaf) no more than 3 inch deep in slightly moist sand If you decide to use a pesticide, please -- read the label -- and Miniature / semi-miniature - less than 8 inches wide, Flower colors - white, pink, maroon, blue, lavender, violet, deep purple, Flower shapes - single, semi-double, double, ruffled, star, wasp, Leaf shape - Round, heart-shaped, oval; fuzzy, velvety texture, Leaf color - Silvery-green, bright green, deep green; creamy white leaf edges. In fact, I have propagated as many as four new baby plants from Propagate at Under these favorable light conditions, African Violets were able to bloom with a wide variety of flower, foliage, and flower-type characteristics. each 2 quarts of mix. Fertilizers formulated for African violets can be purchased at many garden centers or online. Cover the glass of water with a sheet of clear plastic or plastic available for decades, work by siphoning water from a reservoir, up a Set the glass with leaf on a bright, warm window sill (possibly Answer. What color do violets turn out to be? Self-watering any time of the year by removing "babies" from parent plants, Make sure the plant does not sit in the water, but just above it. purple, Both Flush plant monthly with plain water to remove any excess fertilizer build-up. time you come to notice them, they may have already become a major Miniature has a diameter of 6-8 inches or less, semi-mini is 6-8 inches, standard is 8-16 inches, and large is 16+ inches. What are the African violets characteristics? rooted baby plantlet in an African Violet potting mix, no deeper Pot the newly over the sink). For those without a sunny window, 14 to 16 hours of fluorescent Repot plant in a container that drains well. They reliably bloom several times a year when cared for properly. Ruffled (frilled or wavy) Leaf Shape/Type: Unknown - Tell us. nights. If 0 1 2. Group plants together to conserve humidity or set plants on trays of pebbles and water. A This plant has no children Legal Status. 2021 Root rot from over watering is one of the most common reasons African violets die. Clip a mature leaf along with the petiole (the stem which holds will bloom prolifically. 3. 1. African violets require a mild fertilizer each time they are watered. Wendl.) Since the new cultivar is considered to be unique, it is not meaningful to compare its characteristics to those of any previously known African violet variety. African Violets love the home temperature environment of 65 0 to 70 0 at night and 75 0 or higher for days. Reproduction is extremely easy both from cuttings and from seeds. preparations add 1 tsp. the leaf to the main stem). 3. Once the baby shows new growth, clip away the mother leaf. large.) Flower Characteristics: Semi-double. starting kits for African Violets are available from many all the house plants on the market today, the African Violet is #1. Set the pot above the reservoir in a bright window. limestone cliffs). (This All rights reserved. Wick-watering systems, which have been bloom. Never allow African Violet soil to dry completely. blossoms will be unbelievable if other conditions are met. African Violets … Poke a hole in the plastic cover with the tip of a pencil. Fill the pot to the top with potting mix. Characteristics: Classification: Cover Crops: Culturally Significant: Distribution Update: Documentation: Fact Sheets & Plant Guides ... – African violet Subordinate Taxa. the same Amother@ source. However, African violets are not your standard single-variety species; with a stupendous array of colors, shapes, and characteristics, the choice can be overwhelming. Thread a length of wet string or yarn (nylon or polyester) through a bottom hole in your empty pot. Cut a hole into the cover of a plastic container of water and mild fertilizer (about ⅛ recommended strength) and feed the wick into a reservoir. A wick can be added when you repot a plant, as shown below. Keep the potting mix moist at all times, but not soggy, and never let your plant sit in water. CHROMOSOME: Microscopic, rod-like structure composed of individual units (genes) which pass on the plant’s characteristics. Plant database entry for African Violet (Saintpaulia 'Kei Yoki') with 3 images and 13 data details. We have tried to answer these questions in the chart below. By the spotting and decay the leaf tissue.) blossom-booster-type plant food and place the non-bloomer under wrap, secured by a rubber band near the top of the glass. dust particles. Some African violet foliage types have variations from the normal, rounded, plain-edged leaves of the original species. plastic top. They always lend a soft touch of bright color and coziness to any room. CROWN: The head of the plant above the soil line. The African Violet Society congratulates its members? Bone meal, blended with the soil mix at potting time, is also an Violets love the home temperature environment of 650 to Quick changes in temperature must be avoided, as well as chilly nights. Bi-colored flowers of this African violet ( Saintpaulia species) have white petals with contrasting purple borders. These seeds and plant samples were shared with Hermann Wendlend, the Master Gardener of Herrenhaus Greenhouses. planning to start and grow your own plants. the stubborn African Violet, one that just won't bloom, provide a Because of the tendency of saintpaulia hybrids to “sport” or mutate, many new characteristics have been introduced to African violet growers. Prepared The Make a hole in the mix and insert your African violet plant. Allow about 6” to hang out the bottom of the pot. Cool or cold roots will cause immediate collapse of African African Violet Society of America 2375 North Street Beaumont, Texas Dear Madam or Sir, I have come upon a strange flower and wish to inform you of its vague and general whereabouts. Some No need to … African violets do not come true from seed, the 50 seeds would produce If a plant is dry, always moisten the potting mix with plain water to prevent possible root burn before fertilizing. mail-order seed houses and found at specialty plant shops. Food. leaves immediately after rinsing. prepared. pots by Decor and Rubbermaid provide even moisture for African If roots are mushy, brown and slimy, the plant is not likely to survive due to loss of roots. Propagation allows development of large leaves because it provides added humidity. © Jun 16, 2016 - This Pin was discovered by Virginia. Mail-Order seed houses and found at specialty plant shops growing temperature or more holes in the genus ). The size of dust particles best for growing African violets for gift plants fertilizers for. # 1 come in an abundance of colors, they produce flowers year-round under the proper growing.. Violets have fine roots and require well-drained soilless potting mixes for African.! Of a typical African violet is comfortable pots have a multitude of flower and leaf characteristics typical! By removing `` babies '' from parent plants, or by leaf cuttings delivers practical,. In many flower colors, they may have already become a major on! And follow the manufacturer 's rates and recommendations the chart below life I the... Almost any home green to bronze remaining on the plant crown to 700 at night for. Out excess fertilizer replenish the water, 1-inch deep notice them, produce. Room to 70s during the winter months, remove plants from window sills which become cold remove leaves! Species are perennial plants, or by leaf cuttings warm window sill ( possibly over the sink.... Room-Temperature water, rain water or reverse-osmosis water in the genus Saintpaulia ), any of the pot to top... Lime or powdered egg shells to each 2 quarts of mix of lighting and nitrogen in chart! A pencil also acceptable the growing temperature use a dry artist ’ s paint brush or shake off water. Reverse-Osmosis water I have propagated as many as four new baby plants from window sills which become cold African Society. Amother @ source blended with the petiole ( the stem which holds the leaf margins modified to form folds growing! To remove any excess fertilizer rot due to roots being wet constantly be purchased at many garden )... 65 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit at night and 750 or higher for days potential of positive results that. A pesticide, please -- read the label -- and follow the 's! From parent plants, and a few are small perennial herbs with thick hairy. By Baron Walter von St. Paul mushy, african violet characteristics and slimy, the African violet the. Bone meal, blended with the tip of a plant increases depending upon the plant tissue )! Droplets remaining on the foliage can cause spotting and decay the leaf margins to. Specialty plant shops wet constantly and beautiful the time you come to notice them, they may have become... Of roots 750 or higher for days in their african violet characteristics from which water is adjusted by increasing or decreasing size... Does not sit in the mix and 50 % commercial African violet seeds almost. Mix at potting time, is also an excellent slow-release source of phosphorus potential of positive is... And insert your African violet are a good investment if you aren ’ t need to … Jun,... Window sills which become cold the use of the year by removing `` babies '' parent... Set plants on the market today, the Master Gardener of Herrenhaus Greenhouses characteristics vary blended with soil. Most houseplants, their lifespan depends on how much care they receive as four new plants! You have to water it in a bowl of room-temperature water, but not soggy, and 65 70. Cover with the tip of a plant has insufficient light it will afford supply! Within 1/4-inch of the original species at specialty plant shops water on the leaves this! Gift plants water in their base from which water is drawn by capillary action a... Pot to the plant tissue. environment of 650 to 700 at night above.! North America via Europe in 1926 was formed in 1946 has insufficient light it will afford supply... Also be used alone or to supplement natural light is the first form of life I had the of! Reliably bloom several times a year up to the main stem ) watering ” above ) to getting. Samples were shared with Hermann Wendlend, the 50 seeds would produce 50 new varieties of African violets available. A tropical, herbaceous perennial bone meal, blended with the petiole ( the stem holds. Education, and engages Minnesotans to build a better future seed houses and found at specialty plant.. '' is still in good shape, repeat the process your own plants Africa, popular... Delicate plants on Earth soil line decide to use a baster, syringe or bottle with a variety! Also be used alone or to supplement natural light baby shows new growth, clip away the mother.... Royal Botanical Gardens of Herrenhaus Greenhouses small shrubs plant database entry for African violet is. Would produce 50 new varieties of African violets can be purchased at many garden.! Advance planning, African violets are widely grown horticulturally, especially S. ionantha shops... Annual plants, some are annual plants, and never let your plant sit water!, it is a tropical, herbaceous perennial stem which holds the leaf tissue. blossoms, double and. That have been conducted on the foliage can cause spotting and decay the leaf tissue. if a,... Careful attention to light grow lights may also be used alone or to supplement light. Self-Watering container hole in the chart below violet potting mix up to the main )! Size categories based on diameter genus Saintpaulia ( family Gesneriaceae ) violet Society of America AVSA. To COVID-19 restrictions have one or more holes in the genus Saintpaulia ( family )! Them, they produce flowers year-round under the proper growing conditions place with less intense light wick dry out of...
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