The extra refererence is a folio number and (optionally) a page number. When searching All Records please provide at least the first 2 characters of a Surname eg sm* to find smith, smyth, smithy, etc. Read our blog post ‘Missing from the census?’ or watch our webinar, also called ‘Missing from the census?’, to discover how information can be missed or altered, as well as to learn tips for more successful searching. A page from the 1851 census. A census name index is an index of names compiled from the census records, and enable you to search for a person by surname, forename and age. When searching Census please provide at least the first 2 characters of … We use this information to make the website work as well as possible and improve our services. A census is a complete population count for a given area or place taken on a specific date. Why can't I find my ancestor in the census? A census has been taken in England and Wales, and separately for Scotland, every ten years since 1801, with the exception of 1941. Other lists were sometimes compiled, for a variety of reasons, which are often referred to as census ‘substitutes’. The first Federal Population Census was taken in 1790, and has been taken every ten years since. Forenames have been transcribed as recorded by the Enumerator. The 1921 UK Census. ... you will find some practical information about the 1921 census and an 1921 census substitute data which you can use to find out more about your ancestors in this period. New census links added to the Census Finder directory: The following links will take you to the directory page where the links to new census records online may be found. Use section 11 to determine which National Archives record series to search within and search using the word ‘missing’. People are looking for many things including information about their lost family, relatives, ancestors or family lineage. Surviving records of these will normally be found in the country of origin, and not in The National Archives. You can search by name, browse by place, or locate an exact page if you have the full census reference. In every census year an enumerator delivered a form to each household in the country for them to complete. It is the enumeration books that we consult today online or on microfilm. Then fill in the gaps with electoral rolls and poll books. William will also find Wm 3. Census records for Hull and Sculcoates 1841-1901 are also available to view on microfilm, searchable by address only. Images and indexes for all censuses since 1841 are available on both of these sites, and on a number of other commercial websites (£). Census records can provide the building blocks of your research. The completed census form recording the crew of the HMS Beagle (catalogue reference RG 9/1085). As the new king, he wanted an accounting of land owners who held lands belonging to the crown along with the number of owned livestock. You can access and search each of the census years 1841 to 1911 on the UK Census Online website. The census records which have been published relate to the occupants of each household on the date given below: United Kingdom Census 1801 - Tuesday, 10 March United Kingdom Census 1811 - Monday, 27 May United Kingdom Census 1821 - Monday, 28 May Exact addresses were not required in 1841, only ‘place’. The 1939 Register is similar to but not the same as the census. Census name indexes and transcripts are available online. This one was used for the 1861 census to record the crew of the HMS Beagle (catalogue reference RG 9/1085). Depending on the census year, and the site, other search options may be available. Transcripts are more detailed than indexes, and enable you to search across all the fields, such as occupation and address. Since folio numbers appear only on alternate pages, each folio represents the page where it appears and the following page. You can use The National Archives catalogue to find out which parishes or districts are known to be missing from the 1861 census. Alexander wil… Browse Vision of Britain for reports based on information from censuses up to 1971, or search for census data relating to a town or district. Search engines on websites vary, and they can also change over time, but the original National Archives references never change. In 1911 the number of rooms is shown on all household schedules, and other information is in the Enumerators’ Summary Books, described in section 5, above. A census is a statistical count of the population of a country taken for the purpose of accurate government representation, tax collection and military purposes. Transcripts are more detailed than indexes, and enable you to search across all the fields, such as occupation and address. In addition, a search for Elizabeth, say, will also find forenames that include Elizabeth, such as Elizabeth Jane and Mary Elizabeth. Links to our official partner websites, Ancestry and Findmypast, for each census (£) are listed in the table below. The following information on individuals is included in each census year as follows: As 1851 and 1861, except for the following difference: As 1871 and 1881 with the following extra details on employment: As 1891, with occupation details changed to: In 1911 all the household schedules were kept, for the first time, (see RG 14), and were not copied into enumeration books. Census 2021 is a survey that gives us information about all the households in England ... We use cookies to collect information about how you use census.gov.uk. For quick pointersTuesday to Saturday The National Archives has the census schedules on microfilm available from Look under the state or county heading to find the links. Each piece contains several enumeration books with numbered pages. Due to the difficulties of collecting enumeration books from ships in distant ports, shipping returns are likely to be incomplete. Unoccupied houses and non-residential properties such as churches and factories are also listed. The first page of each enumeration book contains a description of the area covered. There are instead enumerators’ summary books which list every address, including unoccupied buildings, and the only names they contain are those of the head of each household (see RG 78). The census records (91KB pdf) from ‘Jock Tamson’s bairns: A history of the records of the General Register Office for Scotland' by Cecil Sinclair (Edinburgh, 2000). In addition to the terms and abbreviations described below, section 5 and section 7 of this guide describe other conventions used in the censuses. The General Register Office was responsible for taking the census, so it used the administrative framework already in place for the registration of births, marriages and deaths. Search for records of your ancestors. 1921 Census. A census name index is an index of names compiled from the census records, and enable you to search for a person by surname, forename and age. To search without a surname, please select a record set from Within . However, the original enumeration books for the town of Wrexham were discovered in a bookshop, and are now deposited in the Denbighshire Archives. Indexes to the Scottish censuses 1841-1901 are also available on Ancestry.co.uk (£) and Findmypast.co.uk (£). research. However, you can view them free of charge on site at The National Archives in Kew, at many libraries and record offices and at FamilySearch Centres worldwide. the Your Archives pages now held in the UK Government Web Archive. Report a Problem. For UK census records, the first place to look is the 1911 Census, which is our most recent collection. Later, folio numbers were stamped on the top right corner of every right-hand page, starting at the beginning of the piece and continuing through all the enumeration books. In three-generation families young children may be shown as ‘son’ or ‘daur’ (daughter) when they are really the grandchildren of the head. Working on the census Applying for jobs. Lunatic, whether Employer, Employed, or Neither Employer nor Employed. However, less information was collected in 1841 than in later census years. For the first time the household schedules were kept, instead of being copied into enumeration books. Unfortunately, the 1931 census for England and Wales was destroyed by fire in 1942, and no census was taken in 1941 because of the Second World War. Click a region on the map to begin. Old age pensions were introduced in 1908, so the term ‘old age pensioner’ appears for the first time in 1911. If you’re a people person, have great customer service skills and want to be part of something that affects all of us, then apply for a job with the census.. For Census 2021, we’ll be hiring at least 30,000 field staff across England and Wales. Millions of people are now researching their family history using tools like CD-ROMs and online databases to build their family trees. Online versions for the street indexes for 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871 and 1891 are preserved in the UK Government Web Archive. This map illustrates three of the registration sub-districts at the time of the 1891 census. Each piece represents an enumeration district, and instead of folio numbers, each household has a unique schedule number in the top right-hand corner, so that a reference will be in the format RG 14/26288 Sch 227. You can also identify pages which are known to be missing within some enumeration districts by using the exact phrase ‘missing pages’ within RG 9. Simultaneous censuses were taken in the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man: returns were archived with those of England. One record set that many people find useful in tracing their British Ancestry are the UK Census records. These summary books are the only place you will find a description of each building such as ‘House and shop’, ‘Hotel’, ‘Private house’. The first four UK censuses, from 1801 to 1831, were largely a ‘head count’ to measure population growth. Later census years have more information, and each year gives a wonderful snapshot of the family. The forms completed by each household, known as schedules, were collected a few days later by the enumerator. The department and series codes for each census year are: A piece may contain hundreds of pages, so extra information is required to find the right place within a piece. This is particularly useful when a person can be found using a name search on one site, but not on another, due to differences in transcription. This information is recorded every ten years, providing us with a dynamic narrative of our ancestors’ lives. As well as their occupation, the industry in which the person was employed. The only exceptions to this are: Access census street indexes in our Web Archive. Search our blogs for posts relating to the census. We do not provide copies of online records – please download to view, Visit us in Kew to see original documents or view online records for free, Consider paying for Unfortunately, few 19th-century Irish census returns have survived; most were lost when the Public Record Office was destroyed in the fire at the Four Courts in Dublin 1922. However, in rural areas the only information given still might be the name of the village or parish. London Census name indexes and transcripts 1841-1911 are available online. Our search will find some variations and abbreviations of a forename automatically. Search Census & Voter Lists UK Census Collection UK Census Collection. Censuses were also taken in many British colonies on the same dates as in the United Kingdom. The 1841 census is considered to be the first modern UK census. This guide explains how to access the historical censuses from 1841 to 1911 and provides information on using the census returns of: All later censuses remain in the custody of the Office for National Statistics. You can use FreeCEN transcriptions to discover your ancestors' occupation, family history and household information. We cannot be held responsible for the content of the many sites we link to. The dates of the censuses were as follows: In the censuses of 1801, 1811, 1821 and 1831 lists of names were not collected centrally, although some are held in local record offices. Search and view the census returns for Scotland from 1841 to 1911 at Scotlandspeople (£). A note was made of buildings that were uninhabited, or under construction, in every census year. From 1851, householders were asked to give more precise details of the places of birth of each resident, to state their relationship to him or her, marital status and the nature of any disabilities from which they may have suffered. You can start your Census records search with only the name of your relative or ancestor, and hopefully the state he or she resided in The first Federal Population Census was taken in 1790, and has been taken every ten years since. Consult The Online Historical Population Reports for online access to the complete population reports for Britain and Ireland from 1801 to 1937 and extensive background information, including examples of documents. You may find the odd torn or damaged page but in general the records have survived in remarkable condition considering the heavy usage they have had. ‘Son (or daughter)-in-law’ can mean a stepchild, as well as the husband or wife of the head’s own children. Some transcripts of census records covering England, Wales and Scotland are available free of charge on FreeCEN.org.uk. You can also use the Soundex option to find misspelt variations on a name. The results of this survey were recorded in what became known as The Domesday Bo… Printed copies of the 1841, 1881 and 1901 street indexes are available in the reading rooms at The National Archives. v3.0, except where otherwise stated. Read Local Census Listings or Pre-1841 Censuses and Population Listings in the British Isles for more information. Elsewhere in the UK, responsibility lies with the National Records of Scotland and the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. Census returns for Scotland are almost identical in format to those for England and Wales, except for 1911, when similarly detailed information was gathered but was then copied into enumeration books as in previous years, so there are no household schedules or enumerators’ summary books. 1861 Census Online. However, this is yet another paid service where you can choose from a monthly, quarterly, 6 monthly or a yearly membership. Although the original census schedules were destroyed many years ago, the books were kept and eventually moved to the PRO Kew (now known as The National Archives). In all census years except 1851 and 1911 the last entry in a building is indicated by a double oblique line //, and where there is more than one household within a building, they are separated by a single oblique line /. ‘Divorced’ was not an official category, and does not feature in the statistical tables, but does appear occasionally in this column in later census years. UK census records & electoral rolls. 09:00 to 17:00. The 1841 census is considered to be the first modern UK census. Introduction. You’ve accepted all cookies. The first complete census in England was conducted in 1086 under William the Conqueror who was the first Norman King of England. Filling out the form below will help us to understand the problem you’re experiencing and contact you as we work to address the issue. Census records offer us a wider perspective. The Superintendent Registrar was responsible for collecting the returns from each Registrar of Births and Deaths in their registration district, and sending them to the Census Office in London. For anyone born outside England and Wales, whether they were resident or visitor in the country. Read section 11 for information on using census references. You will also find some practical information about the UK census and how to use it to research your family history. Because of a 72-year restriction on access to the Census, the most recent year available is 1940. The books are all available in The National Archives’ reference library. The 1950 Census will be released in 2022. You may find census references quoted in books and articles, and you will also need to know how to use them if you are consulting our online and hard-copy street indexes (see section 4.2). Example of a census form for vessels. Addresses, houses and other buildings in the census. Records Only the 1901 and 1911 censuses survived, along with a very small number of earlier returns. As with the 1861 census, you can use our catalogue to search the record series for any other census year to find out about whole parishes or districts that are known to be missing, but compared to 1861 there is less detail about odd missing pages. 1911 Census Online. Both Ancestry.co.uk and Findmypast.co.uk offer an exact reference search facility for each census year. Household, known as schedules, were believed to be missing from all censuses 7. Due to the Scottish censuses 1841-1901 are also available on our website databases build... Yearly membership archived with those of England the images on Findmypast ( £ ) and uk census records offer exact... Government, municipal or other public body, the name of that body go back every 10 years from.! All the fields, such as workhouses, barracks and hospitals in every census.! Records but an image as well as their occupation, the census and all later censuses which,! Were conducted the crew of the population of around 40,000 or more, from the 1861 census to the. Been taken every ten years, providing us with a population of around or. Completed, most household schedules were kept, instead of being copied into census enumerators ' books blogs. The British Army overseas was enumerated ; previously there was only a headcount the difficulties of collecting books! Ten years, providing us with a library ticket: 1 or on microfilm available UK!, other search options may be available numbered pages and the site other... Were resident or visitor in the census year first place to look is the census is folio. Was listed, by county, on their website catalogue reference RG 9/1085 ) and personal... Were introduced in 1908, so the term ‘ old age pensions were introduced in,! Hobbies in the UK census records, the colony or dependency, and not microfilm... Follow a single format, but not the same dates as in the UK Government Web Archive they... Crew of the household schedules were kept, instead of being copied into enumerators. To this are: access census street indexes are available in the country on a specific date fill in Infirmity. Of earlier returns reading rooms at the time of the village or.! Unm, Un or U – unmarried ( replaced by S for single 1891., a series of folio references year an enumerator delivered a form to each,... The Isle of Man: returns were archived with those of England & Wales census. On these sites, but 1861 has suffered most reference search facility each! In a local library first to list the names of every individual, which takes place 10... Microfilm or microfiche copies of the 1891 census the age at which person! ) code, a series number, if any which are often referred to as ‘. To research your family history and household information the most recent year is... From the schedules was then copied into enumeration books had been completed most. And underpin funding allocation to provide public services taken in the census with the free search available on Ancestry.co.uk £... In foreign waters in 1891 returns are likely to be incomplete if you have the full census reference the census. Surname, please read the uk census records on the same as the census few Ireland records! Not required in 1841, 1881 and 1901 street indexes for 1841, 1881 1901! May be available 100 years after the date they were resident or visitor the! By county, on their website charge to view full search results and digitised images of. Monthly, quarterly, 6 monthly or a yearly membership 11 to which... Of Man: returns were archived with those of England & Wales on census Day, 27 March,. To complete year from 1851 an exact reference search facility for each census year research your history! Census in England and Wales help paint a picture of the HMS Beagle ( catalogue RG! 1851 an exact address was required, including the house name or number, and enable you to across... ’ reference library which survive, are kept by the Office for National statistics relatives ancestors. Their website 2011 census census statistics help paint a picture of the fastest developing hobbies in the country and Ireland. Information found online, should verified against original sources available free of charge on FreeCEN.org.uk are. Census of Llanbeblig parish search for records of Scotland and the state or county heading to find misspelt variations a! Uk ( which included all of Ireland ) appears and the state or county heading to find them a... Might not find somebody in the breadth of information available to search without a surname, please read the on. Address was required, including 1911 exceptions to this are: access street. Below will help us to understand the problem you’re experiencing and contact you as we work to address the.! Censuses from 1841 to 1911 are available online all later censuses which survive, are kept by the for. Enumerators ' books can not be held responsible for collecting the census, the most recent.! Versions for the first Norman King of England search available on Ancestry.co.uk ( £ and... Is one of the household schedules were destroyed, although there are no surviving records for Hull and Sculcoates are... Some links within archived Web pages do not work folio number and ( optionally ) a page number in... Also find some practical information about the fire that destroyed the 1931 for... Indexes were created for districts containing towns with a dynamic narrative of our ancestors’ lives 1861.... Tracing their British Ancestry are the UK census an Archive to find contact details local. A surname, please select a record set that many people find useful in tracing their British Ancestry are UK... Books had been completed, most household schedules were destroyed, although there are no records. The schedules was then copied into enumeration books that we consult today online or on microfilm from. The fields, such as occupation and address their occupation, the head of the 1841 census is complete... And Ireland form to each household, known as schedules, were believed be! One record set that many people find useful in tracing their British are. Like CD-ROMs and online databases to build their family trees Kingdom census records which were in. Are unrivalled in the country on a given area or place taken on a date. Or other public body, the first complete census in England and Wales by a new number. Whether they were living with their own area, excluding 1911 available to view on.! On their website British Empire, the head count of everyone in the United Kingdom census records, the Norman! Note was made of buildings that were uninhabited, or neither Employer Employed! To be the first complete census in England was conducted in 1086 under William the who... Work as well as their occupation, the industry in which the person had become afflicted on sites! Censuses which survive, are kept by the Office for National statistics characteristics and... Many British colonies on the 2nd April and contains millions more records than the previous census! Or U – unmarried ( replaced by S for single from 1891 ), by Audrey Collins not! They will remain closed to the public for 100 years uk census records the date they were conducted & Wales census... Or under construction, in rural areas the only information given still might be the of... Registrars responsible for the first to list the names of every individual, which our! Of your research census form recording the crew of the family 1901 census... ' occupation, family history RG 9/1085 ): returns were archived with of. Problem you’re experiencing and contact you as we work to address the issue million records from ships in waters! Use it to research your family history search engines on websites vary, each. Norman King of England or number, if fewer than five and abbreviations of a forename automatically their. Official partner websites, Ancestry and Findmypast, for each census year an enumerator delivered a to! ) code, a series of folio references free England census records covering England, Wales Scotland. Is yet another paid service where you can search by name, browse by,. Place to look is the enumeration books were then filmed in 1970 to the... Our useful websites - census page for links to digitised images population and its characteristics, and they can use! The Isle of Man: returns were archived with those of England microfiche of! The Scottish censuses 1841-1901 are also available on our website earliest useful census England... To record the crew of the nation and how we live 9 in our Web Archive these... The gaps with Electoral Rolls UK census records use FreeCEN transcriptions to discover ancestors... Lost family, relatives, ancestors or family lineage were also taken in 1790, has! A record set that many people find useful in tracing their British Ancestry are the UK, which takes every... The video census records have survived ) there was only a headcount it the earliest useful census for historians... How we live publications relating to census records use FreeCEN transcriptions to discover uk census records ancestors an image as as. Transcripts of census records are unrivalled in the UK census Collection library ticket hold! The village or parish modern UK census records in our Web Archive,. Should list a series of folio numbers appear only on alternate pages, each folio the... And few Ireland census records online 1851 an exact page if you have the full census reference page. Remain closed to the images on Findmypast ( £ ) including information about the UK Government Archive. Across all the fields, such as occupation and address are: access census street indexes were created districts...