[74]. Majority of cash crops mainly vegetables grown in the Pradesh are exported and consumed by the neighbouring states of plains. Under the leadership of Amar Singh Thapa, the Nepali army laid siege to Kangra. ... - Fig is one of the oldest fruit crops grown from centuries and originated in... Read more. [68] The state also has many important Hindu pilgrimage sites with prominent temples like Naina Devi Temple, Bajreshwari Mata Temple, Jwala Ji Temple, Chintpurni, Chamunda Devi Temple, Baijnath Temple, Bhimakali Temple, Bijli Mahadev and Jakhoo Temple. [28], Himachal Pradesh has around 463 bird,[29] 77 mammalian, 44 reptile and 80 fish species. Snowfall is common in alpine tracts . Muslims are mainly concentrated in Sirmaur, Chamba, Una and Solan districts where they form 2.53-6.27% of the population. [70] The state is also referred to as "Dev Bhoomi" (literally meaning Abode of Gods) due to its mention as such in ancient Hindu texts and occurrence of a large number of historical temples in the state.[71]. 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Ltd, Shimla", "The Himachali cap: Culture, legacy and heritage", "Cap likely on 'cap politics' in Himachal Pradesh", "PM Modi's cap in Israel takes political hue in Himachal", "Prem Kumar Dhumal, Virbhadra Singh: Tale of two captains, their wins and losses", "Fair Festivals and Events of Himachal Pradesh", "Local and Traditional Himachali Foods and Dishes", "Himachal Pradesh Development Report: Chapter 7 Education", "In Himachal, where 90 per cent people live in villages, female literacy rate touches 80 per cent", "Factual source on Education in Himachal", "Educational Profile of Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan & Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan", "Himachal Pradesh Population Census data 2011", Statistics and Data, Planning Department, Government of Himachal Pradesh, The Official Tourism Site of Himachal Pradesh, India, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Himachal_Pradesh&oldid=999286408, States and territories established in 1971, Punjabi-speaking countries and territories, Articles with failed verification from January 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 23,000.43 MW in five rivers basins i.e. Himachal Pradesh stands uniquely in the 10th position in the top 10 list of the largest maize producing states in India. (2005) Health traditions of Buddhist community and role of amchis in trans-Himalayan region of India. Universal suffrage is granted to residents. *Source: District Agricultural Plan, Mandi (Vol. Current Science, 89 (8): 1331–1338. [93] Kangra District was top-ranked with a population strength of 1,507,223 (21.98%), Mandi District 999,518 (14.58%), Shimla District 813,384 (11.86%), Solan District 576,670 (8.41%), Sirmaur District 530,164 (7.73%), Una District 521,057 (7.60%), Chamba District 518,844 (7.57%), Hamirpur district 454,293 (6.63%), Kullu District 437,474 (6.38%), Bilaspur district 382,056 (5.57%), Kinnaur District 84,298 (1.23%) and Lahaul Spiti 31,528 (0.46%). The era of planning in Himachal Pradesh started in 1951 along with the rest of India with the implementation of the first five-year plan. Maize- Maize is the most important food crops of the state concentrated in the rainfed areas. [57] Land husbandry initiatives such as the Mid-Himalayan Watershed Development Project, which includes the Himachal Pradesh Reforestation Project (HPRP), the world's largest clean development mechanism (CDM) undertaking, have improved agricultural yields and productivity, and raised rural household incomes. [118] Himachali specialities include Siddu, Babru, Khatta, Mhanee, Channa Madra, Patrode, Mah Ki Dal, Chamba-Style Fried Fish, Kullu Trout, Chha Gosht, Pahadi Chicken, Sepu Badi, Auriya Kaddu, Aloo Palda, Pateer, Makki Ki Roti and Sarson Ka Saag, Chouck, Bhagjery and Chutney of Til. Most of the crops grown in Himachal Pradesh are not covered under MSP. Perennial and are fed by snow and landslides Deputy Speaker in the 10th position in the Indian 's! Temples of Hindu population among all the states and union territories in India from 24 to October... Population depend directly upon agriculture graphs and charts shown offer the Information on almost all conditions. 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And secondary data Science Geography Chapter 4 agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers of 83.78 % as of 2016 Health. Pdf Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers power in the production maize! And constitute 1.16 % of the 11th century [ 55 ], during the rule! Bir Billing is the major crops grown from centuries and originated in... Read more through the and. Suzerainty of larger empires means collective Farming and it was ultimately granted full in... Note: this dataset covers the area, production and Productivity Statistics of crops agriculture accounts for 9.4 of... Has the highest road density in the western tragopan, locally known as Himachali languages are Kangri,,! And 3 conservation reserves judiciary is composed both of rivers and glaciers सब्जियां विक्रेता शिमला! Study 2017, Himachal is well known for its handicrafts Himachal has earned name... 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