In Southeast Asia cultivation as a fibre plant mainly occurs in Burma (Myanmar), Thailand and Vietnam. Primary center of origin and diversity of the wild taxa of Corchorus appears to be Africa. The bark of C. capsularis and to a lesser extent that of C. olitorius constitute the chief source of the fibre jute, and these species are much cultivated in India and Bangladesh. How Corchorus Capsularis is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Botanical Description. Corchorus, genus of some 40–100 species of flowering plants of the hibiscus, or mallow, family (Malvaceae). UniProtKB. Others point out that there is a greater genetic variation in Africa and a larger number of wild species in the genus Corchorus. The jute cultivation in every district of Bengal is spoken of as of modern origin. Leaves of Corchorus capsularis contained flavonoids, triterpenes, saponins, glucoside, capsularin which seems to be related to corchorin and steroids. Jute fiber is manufactured mostly from two commercially important species, namely White Jute (Corchours capsularis), and Tossa Jute (Corchorus olitorius). Use : It is one of the largest exported fibre material of India. In developing countries, the leaves are used as a medicine and also as food. The fibre is obtained from the stems of two cultivated species of Corchorus, namely, C. Capsularis L. and C. olitorius L. It is mostly produced in Asian countries especially China, India and Bangladesh. Genet Resour Crop Evol (2016) 63:1103–1111 1111. Origins of white (Corchorus capsularis L.) and dark (C. olitorius L.) jute: a reevaluation based on nuclear and chloroplast microsatellites jute Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius L. China’s Fiber. Origin and growing area. Son nom est parfois orthographié « corette » ou « corette potagère ». Corchorus capsularis (White jute). The suitable climate for growing jute (warm and wet) is offered by the monsoon climate, during the monsoon season. In one district its introduction is fixed at 1872, in another at 1865, in a third before the date of the British rule and in a fourth it is put down at 500 years ago. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Corchorus Capsularis. Abstract. Jute plants (Corchorus olitorius and Corchorus capsularis)The jute plant needs a plain alluvial soil and standing water. The centre origin of Corchorus capsularis is the Indo-Burman region, including southern China and Southeast Asia. The center of origin of white jute is said to be Indo-Burma including South China, and that of tossa Africa. Some foreign varieties of Corchorus capsularis like Halmahera, Jap Red and Jap G, unlike the Indian varieties, do not usually branch, as the axillary buds are normally absent in the axils of the leaves. Corchorus olitorius (Tossa jute). Corchorus capsularis: Origin: Originated in China but is now grown in Bangladesh and India, and found spread across much of tropical Africa: Shapes : Many seeded globose to globose-obovoid capsules, about 1 centimeter in diameter: Taste: Bitter: Health benefits: Beneficial for dysentery, fevers, dyspepsia liver disorders and helps to increase appetite. 2. Plant. Corchorus olitorius is used mainly in the cuisines of southern Asia, the Middle East, North Africa and West Africa, Corchorus capsularis in Japan and China. The genus Corchorus belongs to the family Malvaceae (formerly Tiliaceae) and is distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. When cooked, it has a mucilaginous, almost slimy consistency, similar to okra. The study also showed that the organelle genetic groups of jute can be used to trace the parentage of modern Indian jute cultivars to one or two landraces cultivated in India about hundred years ago. Origin and Area of cultivation: Jute is derived from the two cultivated species Corchorus capsularis Colittorius is of African origin whereas C. Capsularis, is believed to Indo- Burmaese origin. Help pages, FAQs, UniProtKB manual, documents, news archive and Biocuration projects. Indian Academy of Sciences. BRANCHING characteristics of the vast majority of plants are not a desirable character in a fibre crop like jute. Bangladesh ranks second among the jute growing countries. Abstract. Corchorus olitorius is mainly used in dishes from Southeast Asia, the Middle East, North Africa and West Africa; Corchorus capsularis is instead consumed in Japan and China. The base number of chromosomes in almost all the species of Corchorus is 7 (2n = 2x = 14).). The leaves Pl. It is an annual erect herbaceous plant measures 1-2.5 m tall (up to 4 m in cultivation). Bangladesh, India and Pakistan are most important producer of jute fibre in the world. Temperatures from 20 to 40 °C (68–104 °F) and relative humidity of 70%–80% are favourable for successful cultivation. List of various diseases cured by Corchorus Capsularis. Corchorus a genus of plants of the family Tiliaceae. Various phytochemical, mineral, and antioxidant potency properties of 30 genotypes belonging to Corchorus capsularis and Corchorus olitorius were evaluated in the current study. Help. The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). The seeds are used as a flavouring, and a herbal tea is made from the dried leaves. There are up to 40 species growing in the tropical regions of Asia, Africa, America, and Australia. 123. 1. A new triterpine glycosides (capsin) and capsugenin 30-O-glucopyranoside were isolated from the leaves of Corchorus capsularis … Corchorus olitorius (L.) is one of the main crops for fibre production, cultivated in tropical and subtropical environments, from Africa to Japan, across the Middle East and India. Login | Create Account: Home About Us Browse by Year Browse by Subject Browse by Fellow Latest Items Advanced Search Submission Guidelines Repository Policies IRStats Help Contact Us. Origin The primary centre of origin of C. olitorius is Africa with a secondary centre in India while C. capsular is originated from southern China. Sequence archive. We could not support an Indo-Myanmar origin of white jute, and possibly it also originated in Africa, but was domesticated in Asia. Jute fibre is extracted from phloem tissue (bast or bark fibre) in the stem of Corchorus as against seed fibre in the case of cotton. Corchorus capsularis L., Sp. BRANCHING characteristics of the vast majority of plants are not a desirable character in a fibre crop like jute. It might be outdated or ideologically biased. x; UniProtKB. UniParc. Introduction. Protein knowledgebase. The seeds are used as a condiment and herbal teas are made from the leaves. 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