This variety astonishingly showed good sustainability in the climate of the Ganges Delta. Jute is an annual herbaceous plant sized 10 to 12 feet (3 to 3.6 meters) tall. Corchorus capsularis meaning in Bengali - পাট; ; | English – Bangla & English (E2B) Online Dictionary. Soc. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Along with white jute, tossa jute has also been cultivated in the soil of Bengal where it is known as paat from the start of the 19th century. Jute was once known as the golden fibre of Bangladesh, since it was the most important cash crop for the country. Bangladesh is not only the second largest producer of jute but also produces Abstract: Seeds of Corchorus capsularis contained cardiac glycosides, corchorin, corchortoxin helveticoside, corchoroside A and B, biosides, olitoriside, erysimoside, strophantidol glycosides, oliogosaccaride and olitoriside; while leaves contained flavonoids, triterpenes, saponins, glucoside, capsularin steroids and many other secondary metabolites. ইংরেজি - বাংলা Online অভিধান। Providing the maximum meaning … International Journal of Enhanced Research in Science Technology & Engineering, ISSN: 2319-7463 Vol. Jute is an annual crop taking about 120 days (April/May-July/August) to grow. noun a strong, coarse fiber used for making burlap, gunny, cordage, etc., obtained from two East Indian plants, Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius, of the linden family. Corchorus capsularis L. (white jute) and Corchorus. The fibers have a length of up to 3 meters and a diameter of 2.4 µm. Each spring, billions of seeds of Corchorus capsularis and Corchorus olitorius are flung across open ground, mostly by women. Pasau-na-haba (Corchorus catharticus) 3. It is produced primarily from plants in the genus Corchorus, which was once classified with the family Tiliaceae, and more recently with Malvaceae. At 26, the median age in this Southeast Asian nation of 165 million, she is an up-and-coming fashion designer in pursuit of the next trend. It is one of the important cash crops of Bangladesh occupies 5th position among the field crops in respect of cultivated area (BBS, 2008). Mosihuzzaman M., Theander O and Amanb P. 1982. Most of all the countries India, Bangladesh and other Asian countries make Jute from fibres of the bark tissue of Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius, while the fibre of C. olitorius is of lesser quality. Jute is a long, soft, shiny bast fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. The fibres are extracted from the plant's bark. The leaves Jute is a long, soft, shiny bast fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. Corchorus capsularis, commonly known as white jute, is a shrub species in the family Malvaceae. J. Jute is extracted from the bark of the white jute plant (Corchorus capsularis) and to a lesser extent from tossa jute (C. olitorius). Jute (Corchorus capsularis & Corchorus olitorius), Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus) and Roselle (H. sabdariffa var. The center of origin of white jute is said to be Indo-Burma including South China, and that of tossa Africa. The jute plant of this variety is annual and collected from seeds.It is similar to capsularis variety. Jute Bags | Jute Sack | Jute Yarn | Jute Fabrics | Raw Jute Fiber | Jute Industry, Jute Sack Manufacturer & Exporter | Wholesale Jute Gunny Bags – Asia Jute, Unique Trade Center Panthapath, Kawranbazar, Dhaka - 1215. Jute Cultivation in Bangladesh. Corchorus capsularis (CC ) known as “Jute” is an herbaceous and annually grown plant in Bangladesh. The fibers are off-white to brown, and 1–4 metres (3–13 feet) long. Jute fiber is manufactured mostly from two commercially important species, namely White Jute (Corchours capsularis), and Tossa Jute (Corchorus olitorius). It is also cultivated in the Amazon region of Brazil. altissima) are vegetable bast fibre plants next to cotton in importance. Phenolic Acids in Fresh and Retted Jute Plants (Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius L.). Corchorus capsularis L. is an accepted name. The Book of Job in the Hebrew Bible mentions this vegetable potherb as Jew’s mallow.Tossa jute fibre is softer, silkier, and stronger than white jute. Corchorus capsularis is an erect, annual shrub, with acute leaves, yellow five-petaled flowers and growing to two or more metres in height. C-2197, C-3069 and C-3473. Normally jute is used for traditional purposes such as sacks, bags, hessian cloth, burlap, yarn, carpet backing and composite reinforcement [4]. White jute was traditionally used to make ropes and twines and also a low cost, low quality, fabric for clothes of the poor in the regions where it was produced. The industrial term for jute fiber is raw jute. Jutedicotyledenous fibre-yielding plant of the genus Corchorus, order Tiliaceae. The plant originated in China but is now grown in Bangladesh and India, and found spread across much of tropical Africa. Food Agric. It is in flower from August to October, and the seeds ripen in October. The Corchorus capsularis "Jute" is the name of the plant or fiber that is used to make yarn burlap, hessian or gunny cloth, bag etc. It is quite popular for its leaves that are used as an ingredient in a mucilaginous potherb called molokhiya, popular in certain Arab countries. Currently, the Bengal region (West Bengal, India, and Bangladesh) is the largest global producer of the tossa jute variety. J. Sci. Several historical documents (including, Ain-e-Akbari by Abul Fazal in 1590) state that the poor villagers of India used to wear clothes made of jute. The Plant List (After Hassack.) It falls into the bast fiber category (fiber collected from bast, the phloem of the plant, sometimes called the "skin") along with kenaf, industrial hemp, flax (linen), ramie, etc. Introduction. There are four levels of K viz. ... Jute.—The jute-plant, Corchorus capsularis, is an annual, native to the East Indies, and furnishes a long smooth fibre which, however, quickly softens and breaks. Pasau. History also states that Indians, especially Bengalis, used ropes and twines made of white jute from ancient times for household and other uses. Once, Jute was considered as a golden fiber of Bangladesh and it was a good source of different grades of pulp 1. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Jute is also called the golden fiber for its color and high cash value. It is produced primarily from plants in the genus Corchorus, which was once classified with the family Tiliaceae, and more recently with Malvaceae. It is a natural fibre with golden and silky shine and hence called the Golden Fibre. Jute is a long, soft, shiny vegetable fiber that can be spun into coarse strong threads. Jute fibre is produced mainly from two commercially important species, namely White Jute (Corchours capsularis), and Tossa Jute (Corchorus olitorius). Annual, much branched, spreading herbs; stems pilose, often reddish. Assessment of deshi jute (Corchorus capsularis L.) seed quality as affected by storage periods. In Bangladesh, jute, or paat in Bangla, supports the livelihoods of 25 million people. The seeds germinate with the first showers, and they grow fast—about 2 centimeters a day. Tossa jute (Corchorus olitorius) is an Afro-Arabian variety. Bus. The two most common types are white jute (Corchorus capsularis) and tossa jute (Corchorus olitorius). when wetted. Simple handlooms and hand spinning wheels were used by the weavers, who used to spin cotton yarns as well. Bangla White (Corchorus capsularis) Bangla Tossa (Corchorus olitorius) Mesta or Roselle (Hibiscus Sabdariffa) and; Kenaf (Hibiscus Cannabinus) Available quality variations of the above species under kutcha grading system are: Tops, Middle, Bottoms, B-bottoms, C-bottoms and X-bottoms, etc. Three plant species such as kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.), mesta (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.), and jute (Corchorus capsularis L.), which were used in the present study, are common fiber crops in Bangladesh and are easily cultivated in the contaminated soil. 2 Issue 11, November-2013, pp: (35-44), Available online at: www.erpublications.com Biochemistry, Medicinal and Food values of Jute (Corchorus capsularis L. and C. olitorius L.) leaf: A Review Md. either of … The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Int. The Corchorus capsularis "Jute" is the name of the plant or fiber that is used to make yarn burlap, hessian or gunny cloth, bag etc. PDF | 2020). Jute" is the name of the plant or fiber used to make burlap, hessian or gunny cloth. It is also cultivated in the Amazon region of Brazil. Corchorus olitorius is a ANNUAL/PERENNIAL growing to 3.5 m (11ft 6in) at a fast rate. Jute, a long, soft plant fiber that is spun into coarse, strong threads, is obtained from the plants Corchorus olitorius and Corchorus capsularis. Tossa jute fibre is … Corchorus capsularis, and (2) Pasau (Corchorus olitorius). Sci. Pasau-na-hapai (Jussiaea linifolis) and 4. It probably originated in China but is now grown in Bangladesh and India, and found spread across much of tropical Africa. saluyot (Corchorus olitorius) Saluyot is a common name shared by (1) Pasau-na-bilog (Ilk.) Corchorus, genus of some 40–100 species of flowering plants of the hibiscus, or mallow, family (Malvaceae). cultivated species: Corchorus capsularis L. commonly known as deshi jute and C. olitorius L. as tossa jute (2n=14). Analysis of Carbohydrates in the Jute Plant (Corchorus capsularis) . 42: 141 –47. 1988. olitorius L. (tossa jute), which belong to the family Tiliaceae Corchorus, are commonly cultivated for ]. Jute is one of the most affordable 100% natural fibers and it is second only to cotton in amount produced. © SHAYMOL BANGLA JUTEX LTD. ALL Rights Reserved. J. Sci. Food Agric. It is produced from flowering plants in the genus Corchorus, which is in the mallow family Malvaceae.The primary source of the fiber is Corchorus olitorius, but it is considered inferior to Corchorus capsularis. " fiber [3. day by day worldwide for the care of earth environment, we take the privilege of having serve and share the world’s environmental care. To examine the effect of variety and different level of potassium (K) on yield of jute, an experiment was conducted at the Agronomy Field Laboratory, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Dumki, Patuakhali from May to September 2016 using three variety viz. It is produced from flowering plants in the genus Corchorus, which is in the mallow family Malvaceae.The primary source of the fiber is Corchorus olitorius, but it is considered inferior to Corchorus capsularis.. “Jute” is the name of the plant or fiber used to make burlap, hessian or gunny cloth. Jute is mainly produced in India, Bangladesh and other Asian countries; this is obtained from the fibers of the bark of Corchorus capsularis and Corchorus olitorius, even if the fiber of C. olitorius is of inferior quality. 3S.—^The Jute-fibre. 33: 1207-12. Mosihuzzaman M., Fazlul HM and Chowdhury TA. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. Speed pods are long and circular in shape &. The jute plant of this type annual and grows from ends. Bangladesh, India and China [2]. Simple handlooms and hand spinning wheels were used by the weavers, who used to spin cotton yarns as well. SHYAMOL BANGLA JUTEX LTD. Is The Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of 100% natural and eco friendly Jute products and Coir Products, like Jute Cloth, Jute Bag, Jute Yarn, Twine, Rope, Jute Nursery Pot / Sheet, Jute Tape, CBC, Carpet/Rug, Bleached & Dyed Jute Yarn / Twine and Fabric, Shopping bag, Coir Rope, Coir Net, Handicrafts many more. 200 diameters. Fig. 0, 35, 45 and 55 kg ha-1. Res. Jute is a long, soft, shiny vegetable fiber that can be spun into coarse strong threads. Jute is a It has globular fruits. Plant. Materials and Methods Seeds of two cultivated jute (Corchorus capsularis L.) varieties, namely BJC‐7370 and BJC‐83 collected from BJRI, Sher‐e‐Bangla Nagar, Dhaka were used in the present investigation. It has a long historical role in the socioeconomic development of Bangladesh. Leaves 2.5-7 x 1.5-3.5 cm, ovate to elliptic-lanceolate, base rounded, margins serrate, the basal pair of serrations ending in setae or not, apex acute, basally 3-5-nerved; petioles upto 3 cm long; stipules 4-8 mm long, setaceous. Pasau-na-bilog, saluyot (Corchorus capsularis) 2. The bark of C. capsularis and to a lesser extent that of C. olitorius constitute the chief source of the fibre jute, and these species are much cultivated in India and Bangladesh. Outside her window, within walking distance from Bangladesh’s largest train station, a determined monsoon rain comes down in a roar. Because of eco-friendly products jute most abundantly produced in Bangladesh and its’ demand is growing White jute (Corchorus capsularis): Several historical documents (including, Ain-e-Akbari by Abul Fazal in 1590) state that the poor villagers of India used to wear clothes made of jute. Important cash crop for the country 25 million people is an annual herbaceous plant sized 10 12! 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